This past week, I had the opportunity to participate in a seminar for teachers of English at the Hualpén Municipal DAEM as an invited guest speaker. The seminar was entitled “Improving English Speaking Fluency and Effective Teaching Methodologies.” In this opportunity, I chose to give a talk about whether becoming bilingual in English was an impossible task for Chile. I ruled out a more historical talk about the progress of ELT in Chile due to time limitations. Maybe next year?
Recently, the Finnish education expert, Pasi Sahlberg, who teaches at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, was in Chile. Sahlberg was the director general of the Centre for International Mobility and Cooperation (CIMO) in Helsinki, Finland, and an adjunct professor at the Universities of Helsinki and Oulu. He has been a teacher and teacher educator, as well as an education specialist for the World Bank and the European Commission.
Accoording to his analysis of PISA 2012, “THE PISA 2012 SCORES SHOW THE FAILURE OF ‘MARKET BASED’ EDUCATION REFORM“.
3 Key Findings of PISA 2012
1. Countries that give schools autonomy over curricula and student assessments often perform better. PISA shows how success is often associated with balanced professional autonomy with a collaborative culture in schools. Evidence also shows how high performing education systems engage teachers to set their own teaching and learning targets, to craft productive learning environments, and to design multiple forms student assessments to best support student learning and school improvement.
2. High average learning outcomes and system-wide equity are often interrelated. Equity in education means that students’ socio-economic status has little impact on how well they learn in school. Equity is high in the agenda in all successful school systems. Focus on equity means to give high priority to universal early childhood programs, comprehensive health and special education services in schools, and balanced curriculum that has equal weight in arts, music, and sports, and academic studies. Fairness in resource allocation is important for equity, too. PISA 2012 shows that fair resourcing is related to the success of the entire school system: High student performance tends to be linked to more equitably resource allocation between advantaged and disadvantaged schools.
3. School choice does not improve the performance of education system. School choice and competition between schools are related to greater levels of segregation in the education system. That, in turn, may have adverse consequences for equity in learning opportunities and outcomes. Indeed, successful education systems do better than those that have expanded school choice. All successful school systems have a strong commitment to maintain their public schools and local school control. PISA 2012 data show that the prevalence of charter and free schools with related competition for students have no discernible relationship with student learning.
Source: The Guardian
Pasi Sahlberg is Finnish educator, author and scholar. He has worked as schoolteacher, teacher educator, researcher and policy advisor in Finland and has studied education systems and reforms around the world. His expertise includes school improvement, international education issues, classroom teaching and learning, and school leadership. His best-seller book “Finnish Lessons: What can the world learn from educational change in Finland” (Teachers College Press, 2011) won the 2013 Grawemeyer Award. He is a former Director General of CIMO (Centre for International Mobility and Cooperation) in Helsinki and currently a visiting Professor of Practice at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Education in Cambridge, MA, USA. More on his website: pasisahlberg.com and Twitter: @pasi_sahlberg.
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