#ASMSG #BookReview: How many stars would you give ‘Murder in Calico Gold: A Cedar Bay Cozy Mystery (Cedar Bay Cozy Mystery Series…’?

How many stars would you give ‘Murder in Calico Gold: A Cedar Bay Cozy Mystery (Cedar Bay Cozy Mystery Series…’?



5.0 out of 5 starsThis book is from author Dianne Harman’s best selling Cedar Bay Cozy Mystery Series. The plot is believable, and the protagonists are well established in this series by now. In this one, Kelly and her husband, Sheriff Mike, respond to his elderly Aunt Agnes’ call for help. That is why they go to the small town of Calico Gold, California, to help her out.

Just in time too, because Aunt Agnes gets killed soon after Kelly and Mike arrive. And who gets her house? Who inherits her earthly possessions? Sheriff Mike. So we have a motive for murder.

But would Sheriff Mike really kill his aunt for her money? Of course not. So who did kill her? You have to turn the pages to see how this is going to turn out. And yes, as advertised, “there’s plenty of food, dogs, and recipes.” Highly recommended.


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#BlackHistoryMonth #ASMSG African #Slave Trade & Bartolomé De Las Casas: Gold, #God & Glory

We came here to serve God and also to get rich.” -Bernal Diaz del Castillo
With the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean, two civilizations that had previously been isolated from one another were forced into coexistence as the West penetrated the heart of the East.  This moment of convergence, know as the Encounter, spelled doom for the lesser-developed society, while offering profit and opportunity for the Conquistadors.  
Spain brought her Toledo weaponry, greed, and religious ideals, while the Indians, though initially naïve as to the invader’s intentions, quickly discovered the Spanish were bent on exploitation.  Columbus’ Encounter opened the door for a profitable exchange of goods and resources, though to the detriment of the Native Americans, who were quickly reduced to forced laborers.  
Indians were drafted to shoulder the weight of these economic endeavors. Under the encomienda, Indians were offered protection and the gospel in exchange for their stringent efforts in the sugar fields and gold mines.  This eventually deteriorated to a form of racial slavery, with the Indians being subjected to inexpressible cruelties.  
This treatment eventually captured the attention of a bright young chaplain, Bartolomé de las Casas, who took action on behalf of the Native Americans.
Las Casas used his gifted writing and persuasive abilities to build a case against the encomienda system. His crusade against Spanish brutality lasted a lifetime, culminating in his appeals to Charles V, and the subsequent signing of the New Laws, which contested the firmly established encomienda system.
*** ==> So far, so good. <== ***

The Involvement of Las Casas in the African Slave Trade

Bartolomé Las Casas is well-known for his contributions to extending the African slave trade westward.
By the year 1516, Las Casas began to advocate for the importation of African slaves to compensate for the decreasing Indian population.  Las Casas understood if alternate laborers were not brought in, the Indians would soon be wiped out.
He could not have known the generational affects this would have on the imported Africans. His appeal was simply to supplement the exhausted Indians with additional laborers.  
Yet, African slavery proved to be much more lucrative than the encomienda had ever been and subsequently exploded in the Americas.  
No matter how many Africans died while working the plantations, ships packed with new slaves for sale continually arrived from the west coast of Africa.
Unlike the Indians, they could be readily replaced.
Additionally, Las Casas did not expect slavery to expand like it did.  Indeed, African slavery spread all through the Americas, becoming an important stake in the European economy.  Las Casas grew to realize, and regret, the gravity of his error.  
His appeals had set in motion a monster that would not be slain for another 300 years and the establishment of an African slave trade in the Caribbean did little to improve conditions for the Amerindians.
Bartolomé de Las Casas was one of the best known missionaries in Spanish America. He was born in Seville in 1484. When he was still young he received from his father, upon the latter’ s return to Spain after accompanying Columbus on his second journey to America, an Indian slave as a present. A short while later, however, he had to return the Indian by order of Queen Isabel. At the same time he studied in the University of Salamanca, where he got a degree in Law.
In 1500 he participated in the suppression of a rebellion of Moors in Granada. Two years later, he went with Nicolás de Ovando to the New World for the first time. Not yet a priest, he took part in the fighting against the Tainos (native Indian tribe) in Santo Domingo. From the island of Hispaniola he was called to the island of Cuba by Governor Diego Velásquez to provide legal services.
Las Casas received an encomienda, close to Xagua, which he divided with Pedro de Rentería and kept for around a decade. At the beginning of the sixteenth century, possibly in 1507, he was ordained a priest in Rome. He returned to Santo Domingo in 1509. Later he contacted the Dominicans who arrived in America in September 1510.
On 21 December 1511, ordained and still an encomendero, Las Casas heard in Santo
Domingo a sermon by the Dominican Antonio de Montesinos against the abuses in the exploitation of indigenous labour. The sermon profoundly affected him. The friar in his homily, according to Las Casas’ own report, asked with what right were the Indians kept in such cruel slavery.
With what authority were wars made against these people who were peacefully and tranquilly living on their lands?
The same year he went to Cuba on Pánfilo Narvaez’ s expedition as the chaplain of the fleet and saw close up the mistreatment of the Indians by the encomenderos. Later he would write: “while I was in Cuba, 7,000 children died in three months. Some mothers actually drowned their children out of despair, while others finding themselves pregnant caused themselves to miscarry by using certain herbs”.
He was also the witness of the Caonao Massacre, when the Spanish attacked the Indians without any apparent reason, apart from, as Las Casas himself suggested, seeing how sharp their swords were.
On 15 August 1514, the Feast of the Assumption, he renounced his encomienda
in a sermon, converting himself to the indigenous cause and started to preach against the cruelty of the Spanish to the Amerindians.
He also began a series of journeys between Spain and America seeking to convert the Spanish Crown to the idea of a peaceful colonisation, as was attempted in Cumaná, in the north of Venezuela, in which clerics and peasant-colonisers substituted soldiers.
The experience was a total failure, however, when the Indians rebelled in 1521, killing the missionaries. It was also at this time that he argued that it would be advantageous for the Crown to substitute the Indians with “ blacks or other slaves from the mines”.
He believed that much more gold could be obtained using blacks than with Indians.
At the beginning of 1516 he met Cardinal Cisneros and was able to influence him in regard to colonial policy, ensuring that Hieronymite monks were chosen to study and reform conditions in America. Las Casas is said to have prepared the instructions given by Cardinal Cisneros to the three monks which permitted the entrance of black slaves to America.
The following June the three monks in a letter approved and recommended the introduction of black slavery. In a memorandum from the same year, Las Casas proposed to Carlos V that all colonists have black slaves: two men and two women.
In September 1517, Las Casas was nominated procurador dos índios (advocate of the Indians) with an annual salary of one hundred pesos.
In 1518 in Santo Domingo, the judge Alonso de Zuazo, who had been appointed visiting judge the previous year, highlighted the convenience of substituting Indians with blacks.
Whether or not Las Casas wrote the 1516 instruction is still a cause of disagreement among authors. But irrespective of this, he was neither the original nor isolated representative of the idea of bringing black slaves to America.
This belief combined his defence of the Indians with a type of juridical and religious concept that regarded the subjection of infidels to slavery as legitimate, who as slaves would benefit from the wardship of Christian lords.
Back in Santo Domingo in 1521, Las Casas took refuge in the Dominican Convent there and at the end of the following year he joined the Order of Preachers. He started there a new stage of theological studies, expanding his knowledge and building up a collection of manuscripts, which he would use in his future works. It was probably in the 1520s that he began to write his History of the Indies and Apologética histórica
(Apologetic history), a text that arose out of his desire to describe the wonders of the New World and goodness of its inhabitants in the first book of the History of the Indies. The subject turned out to be so vast that he decided to dedicate a separate book to it…
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Doctrine of Discovery: The #Catholic Church, the #Slave Trade, and European Colonialism #BlackHistoryMonth

Paus Nicolaas V door Peter Paul Rubens.jpg

Pope Nicholas V, who reigned from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. Born Tommaso Parentucelli, Nicholas was made a cardinal for his diplomatic efforts by Pope Eugene IV. He was a patron of the humanist movement and promoted the enslavement of African “infidels”.


Doctrine of Discovery: What is that?

Papal Bulls (documents) of the 15th century gave Christian explorers the right to claim lands they “discovered” and lay claim to those lands for their Christian Monarchs.

Any land that was not inhabited by Christians was available to be “discovered”, claimed, and exploited. If the “pagan” inhabitants could be converted, they might be spared. If not, they could be enslaved or killed

In 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas, granting Afonso V the right to reduce “Saracens (Muslims), pagans and any other unbelievers” to hereditary slavery. This was reaffirmed and extended in the Romanus Pontifex bull of 1455 (also by Nicholas V).

Afonso V.jpg

Afonso V (15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481), called the African, was King of Portugal and the Algarves. His sobriquet refers to his conquests in Northern Africa.


These papal bulls (bull = document) came to be seen by some as a justification for the subsequent era of slave trade and European colonialism.

Papal Bull Dum Diversas
18 June, 1452

Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull “Dum Diversas” on 18 June, 1452. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery.

This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa.

The same pope wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over discovered lands during the Age of Discovery.

Along with sanctifying the seizure of non-Christian lands, it encouraged the enslavement of native, non-Christian peoples in Africa and the New World.

“We weighing all and singular the premises with due meditation, and noting that since we had formerly by other letters of ours granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso —

to invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed, and the kingdoms, dukedoms, principalities, dominions, possessions, and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery,

and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms, dukedoms, counties, principalities, dominions, possessions, and goods, and to convert them to his and their use and profit —

by having secured the said faculty, the said King Alfonso, or, by his authority, the aforesaid infante, justly and lawfully has acquired and possessed, and doth possess, these islands, lands, harbors, and seas, and they do of right belong and pertain to the said King Alfonso and his successors”.

In 1493 Alexander VI issued the bull Inter Caetera stating one Christian nation did not have the right to establish dominion over lands previously dominated by another Christian nation, thus establishing the Law of Nations.

Together, the Dum Diversas, the Romanus Pontifex and the Inter Caetera came to serve as the basis and justification for the Doctrine of Discovery, the global slave-trade of the 15th and 16th centuries, and the Age of Imperialism. ****************************************************************

Doctrine of Discovery

The Bull Romanus Pontifex (Nicholas V)
January 8, 1454

“Nicholas, bishop, servant of the servants of God, for a perpetual remembrance.

The Roman pontiff, successor of the key-bearer of the heavenly kingdom and vicar of Jesus Christ, contemplating with a father’s mind all the several climes of the world and the characteristics of all the nations dwelling in them and seeking and desiring the salvation of all,

wholesomely ordains and disposes upon careful deliberation those things which he sees will be agreeable to the Divine Majesty and by which he may bring the sheep entrusted to him by God into the single divine fold, and may acquire for them the reward of eternal felicity, and obtain pardon for their souls.

This we believe will more certainly come to pass, through the aid of the Lord, if we bestow suitable favors and special graces on those Catholic kings and princes, who, like athletes and intrepid champions of the Christian faith,

as we know by the evidence of facts, not only restrain the savage excesses of the Saracens and of other infidels, enemies of the Christian name, but also for the defense and increase of the faith vanquish them and their kingdoms and habitations,

though situated in the remotest parts unknown to us, and subject them to their own temporal dominion, sparing no labor and expense, in order that those kings and princes, relieved of all obstacles, may be the more animated to the prosecution of so salutary and laudable a work.

We have lately heard, not without great joy and gratification, how our beloved son, the noble personage Henry, infante of Portugal, uncle of our most dear son in Christ, the illustrious Alfonso, king of the kingdoms of Portugal and Algarve, treading in the footsteps of John, of famous memory, King of the said kingdoms,


Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 CE – 1460 CE, Portugal

Primary Goal:
To find the Christian Kingdom of Prester John (mythical African kingdom) and find a way to Asia by sailing around Africa.
He set up a navigational school for sailors, sponsored Portuguese sailors to explore the African coast in an effort to navigate around Africa to get to Asia, and started the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

his father, and greatly inflamed with zeal for the salvation of souls and with fervor of faith, as a Catholic and true soldier of Christ, the Creator of all things, and a most active and courageous defender and intrepid champion of the faith in Him,

has aspired from his early youth with his utmost might to cause the most glorious name of the said Creator to be published, extolled, and revered throughout the whole world, even in the most remote and undiscovered places,

and also to bring into the bosom of his faith the perfidious enemies of him and of the life-giving Cross by which we have been redeemed,

namely the Saracens and all other infidels whatsoever, [and how] after the city of Ceuta, situated in Africa, had been subdued by the said King John to his dominion, and after many wars had been waged, sometimes in person, by the said infante, although in the name of the said King John,

against the enemies and infidels aforesaid, not without the greatest labors and expense, and with dangers and loss of life and property, and the slaughter of very many of their natural subjects,

the said infante being neither enfeebled nor terrified by so many and great labors, dangers, and losses, but growing daily more and more zealous in prosecuting this his so laudable and pious purpose, has peopled with orthodox Christians certain solitary islands in the ocean sea, and has caused churches and other pious places to be there founded and built, in which divine service is celebrated.

Also by the laudable endeavor and industry of the said infante, very many inhabitants or dwellers in divers islands situated in the said sea, coming to the knowledge of the true God, have received holy baptism, to the praise and glory of God, the salvation of the souls of many, the propagation also of the orthodox faith, and the increase of divine worship.

Moreover, since, some time ago, it had come to the knowledge of the said infante that never, or at least not within the memory of men, had it been customary to sail on this ocean sea toward the southern and eastern shores, and that it was so unknown to us westerners that we had no certain knowledge of the peoples of those parts, believing that he would best perform his duty to God in this matter,

if by his effort and industry that sea might become navigable as far as to the Indians who are said to worship the name of Christ, and that thus he might be able to enter into relation with them, and to incite them to aid the Christians against the Saracens and other such enemies of the faith, and might also be able forthwith to subdue certain gentile or pagan peoples, living between, who are entirely free from infection by the sect of the most impious Mahomet,

and to preach and cause to be preached to them the unknown but most sacred name of Christ, strengthened, however, always by the royal authority, he has not ceased for twenty-five years past to send almost yearly an army of the peoples of the said kingdoms with the greatest labor, danger, and expense, in very swift ships called caravels, to explore the sea and coast lands toward the south and the Antarctic pole.

And so it came to pass that when a number of ships of this kind had explored and taken possession of very many harbors, islands, and seas, they at length came to the province of Guinea, and having taken possession of some islands and harbors and the sea adjacent to that province, sailing farther they came to the mouth of a certain great river commonly supposed to be the Nile, and war was waged for some years against the peoples of those parts in the name of the said King Alfonso and of the infante, and in it very many islands in that neighborhood were subdued and peacefully possessed, as they are still possessed together with the adjacent sea.

Thence also many Guinea men and other negroes, taken by force, and some by barter of unprohibited articles, or by other lawful contract of purchase, have been sent to the said kingdoms. A large number of these have been converted to the Catholic faith, and it is hoped, by the help of divine mercy, that if such progress be continued with them, either those peoples will be converted to the faith or at least the souls of many of them will be gained for Christ.

But since, as we are informed, although the king and infante aforesaid (who with so many and so great dangers, labors, and expenses, and also with loss of so many natives of their said kingdoms, very many of whom have perished in those expeditions, depending only upon the aid of those natives, have caused those provinces to be explored and have acquired and possessed such harbors, islands, and seas, as aforesaid, as the true lords of them), fearing lest strangers induced by covetousness should sail to those parts, and desiring to usurp to themselves the perfection, fruit, and praise of this work, or at least to hinder it,

should therefore, either for the sake of gain or through malice, carry or transmit iron, arms, wood used for construction, and other things and goods prohibited to be carried to infidels or should teach those infidels the art of navigation, whereby they would become more powerful and obstinate enemies to the king and infante, and the prosecution of this enterprise would either be hindered, or would perhaps entirely fail, not without great offense to God and great reproach to all Christianity, to prevent this and to conserve their right and possession, [the said king and infante]

under certain most severe penalties then expressed, have prohibited and in general have ordained that none, unless with their sailors and ships and on payment of a certain tribute and with an express license previously obtained from the said king or infante, should presume to sail to the said provinces or to trade in their ports or to fish in the sea, [although the king and infante have taken this action, yet in time it might happen that persons of other kingdoms or nations,

led by envy, malice, or covetousness, might presume, contrary to the prohibition aforesaid, without license and payment of such tribute, to go to the said provinces, and in the provinces, harbors, islands, and sea, so acquired, to sail, trade, and fish; and thereupon between King Alfonso and the infante, who would by no means suffer themselves to be so trifled with in these things, and the presumptuous persons aforesaid, very many hatreds, rancors, dissensions, wars, and scandals, to the highest offense of God and danger of souls, probably might and would ensue —

We [therefore] weighing all and singular the premises with due meditation, and noting that since we had formerly by other letters of ours granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso — to invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed, and the kingdoms, dukedoms, principalities, dominions, possessions, and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them

and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery,

and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms, dukedoms, counties, principalities, dominions, possessions, and goods, and to convert them to his and their use and profit

by having secured the said faculty, the said King Alfonso, or, by his authority, the aforesaid infante, justly and lawfully has acquired and possessed, and doth possess, these islands, lands, harbors, and seas,

and they do of right belong and pertain to the said King Alfonso and his successors,

nor without special license from King Alfonso and his successors themselves has any other even of the faithful of Christ been entitled hitherto, nor is he by any means now entitled lawfully to meddle therewith

— in order that King Alfonso himself and his successors and the infante may be able the more zealously to pursue and may pursue this most pious and noble work, and most worthy of perpetual remembrance (which, since the salvation of souls, increase of the faith, and overthrow of its enemies may be procured thereby, we regard as a work wherein the glory of God, and faith in Him, and His commonwealth, the Universal Church, are concerned) in proportion as they, having been relieved of all the greater obstacles, shall find themselves supported by us and by the Apostolic See with favors and graces — we, being very fully informed of all and singular the premises, do, motu proprio,

not at the instance of King Alfonso or the infante, or on the petition of any other offered to us on their behalf in respect to this matter, and after mature deliberation, by apostolic authority, and from certain knowledge, in the fullness of apostolic power, by the tenor of these presents decree and declare that the aforesaid letters of faculty

(the tenor whereof we wish to be considered as inserted word for word in these presents, with all and singular the clauses therein contained) are extended to Ceuta and to the aforesaid and all other acquisitions whatsoever, even those acquired before the date of the said letters of faculty, and to all those provinces, islands, harbors, and seas whatsoever, which hereafter, in the name of the said King Alfonso and of his successors and of the infante,

in those parts and the adjoining, and in the more distant and remote parts, can be acquired from the hands of infidels or pagans, and that they are comprehended under the said letters of faculty.

And by force of those and of the present letters of faculty the acquisitions already made, and what hereafter shall happen to be acquired, after they shall have been acquired, we do by the tenor of these presents decree and declare have pertained, and forever of right do belong and pertain, to the aforesaid king and to his successors and to the infante, and that the right of conquest which in the course of these letters we declare to be extended from the capes of Bojador and of Não, as far as through all Guinea,

and beyond toward that southern shore, has belonged and pertained, and forever of right belongs and pertains, to the said King Alfonso, his successors, and the infante, and not to any others.

We also by the tenor of these presents decree and declare that King Alfonso and his successors and the infante aforesaid might and may, now and henceforth, freely and lawfully, in these [acquisitions] and concerning them make any prohibitions, statutes, and decrees whatsoever, even penal ones, and with imposition of any tribute, and dispose and ordain concerning them as concerning their own property and their other dominions.

And in order to confer a more effectual right and assurance

we do by these presents forever give, grant, and appropriate

to the aforesaid King Alfonso and his successors,

kings of the said kingdoms, and to the infante, the provinces, islands, harbors, places, and seas whatsoever, how many soever, and of what sort soever they shall be, that have already been acquired and that shall hereafter come to be acquired, and the right of conquest also from the capes of Bojador and of Não aforesaid.

Moreover, since this is fitting in many ways for the perfecting of a work of this kind, we allow that the aforesaid King Alfonso and [his] successors and the infante, as also the persons to whom they, or any one of them, shall think that this work ought to be committed, may (according to the grant made to the said King John by Martin V.,

of happy memory, and another grant made also to King Edward of illustrious memory, king of the same kingdoms, father of the said King Alfonso, by Eugenius IV., of pious memory, Roman pontiffs, our predecessors)

make purchases and sales of any things and goods and victuals whatsoever,

as it shall seem fit, with any Saracens and infidels, in the said regions; and also may enter into any contracts, transact business, bargain, buy and negotiate, and carry any commodities whatsoever to the places of those Saracens and infidels,

provided they be not iron instruments, wood to be used for construction, cordage, ships, or any kinds of armor, and may sell them to the said Saracens and infidels;

and also may do, perform, or prosecute all other and singular things [mentioned] in the premises, and things suitable or necessary in relation to these;

and that the same King Alfonso, his successors, and the infante,

in the provinces, islands, and places already acquired, and to be acquired by him, may found and [cause to be] founded and built any churches, monasteries, or other pious places whatsoever;

and also may send over to them any ecclesiastical persons whatsoever, as volunteers, both seculars, and regulars of any of the mendicant orders (with license, however, from their superiors), and that those persons may abide there as long as they shall live,

and hear confessions of all who live in the said parts or who come thither,

and after the confessions have been heard they may give due absolution in all cases, except those reserved to the aforesaid see,

and enjoin salutary penance,

and also administer the ecclesiastical sacraments freely and lawfully, and this we allow and grant to Alfonso himself, and his successors, the kings of Portugal, who shall come afterwards, and to the aforesaid infante.

Moreover, we entreat in the Lord, and by the sprinkling of the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, whom, as has been said, it concerneth, we exhort, and as they hope for the remission of their sins enjoin, and also by this perpetual edict of prohibition we more strictly inhibit, all and singular the faithful of Christ, ecclesiastics, seculars, and regulars of whatsoever orders, in whatsoever part of the world they live,

and of whatsoever state, degree, order, condition, or pre-eminence they shall be, although endued with archiepiscopal, episcopal, imperial, royal, queenly, ducal, or any other greater ecclesiastical or worldly dignity,

that they do not by any means presume to carry arms, iron, wood for construction, and other things prohibited by law from being in any way carried to the Saracens, to any of the provinces, islands, harbors, seas, and places whatsoever, acquired or possessed in the name of King Alfonso, or situated in this conquest or elsewhere, to the Saracens, infidels, or pagans;

or even without special license from the said King Alfonso and his successors and the infante, to carry or cause to be carried merchandise and other things permitted by law,

or to navigate or cause to be navigated those seas, or to fish in them, or to meddle with the provinces, islands, harbors, seas, and places, or any of them, or with this conquest, or to do anything by themselves or another or others, directly or indirectly, by deed or counsel,

or to offer any obstruction whereby the aforesaid King Alfonso and his successors and the infante may be hindered from quietly enjoying their acquisitions and possessions, and prosecuting and carrying out this conquest.

And we decree that whosoever shall infringe these orders [shall incur the following penalties], besides the punishments pronounced by law against those who carry arms and other prohibited things to any of the Saracens, which we wish them to incur by so doing;

if they be single persons, they shall incur the sentence of excommunication;

if a community or corporation of a city, castle, village, or place, that city, castle, village, or place shall be thereby subject to the interdict;

and we decree further that transgressors, collectively or individually,

shall not be absolved from the sentence of excommunication,

nor be able to obtain the relaxation of this interdict, by apostolic or any other authority,

unless they shall first have made due satisfaction for their transgressions to Alfonso himself and his successors and to the infante, or shall have amicably agreed with them thereupon.

By [these] apostolic writings we enjoin our venerable brothers, the archbishop of Lisbon, and the bishops of Silves and Ceuta, that they, or two or one of them, by himself, or another or others, as often as they or any of them shall be required on the part of the aforesaid King Alfonso and his successors and the infante or any one of them,

on Sundays, and other festival days, in the churches, while a large multitude of people shall assemble there for divine worship,

do declare and denounce by apostolic authority that those persons who have been proved to have incurred such sentences of excommunication and interdict, are excommunicated and interdicted, and have been and are involved in the other punishments aforesaid.

And we decree that they shall also cause them to be denounced by others, and to be strictly avoided by all, till they shall have made satisfaction for or compromised their transgressions as aforesaid.

Offenders are to be held in check by ecclesiastical censure, without regard to appeal, the apostolic constitutions and ordinances and all other things whatsoever to the contrary notwithstanding.

But in order that the present letters, which have been issued by us of our certain knowledge and after mature deliberation thereupon, as is aforesaid, may not hereafter be impugned by anyone as fraudulent, secret, or void, we will, and by the authority, knowledge, and power aforementioned,

we do likewise by these letters, decree and declare that the said letters and what is contained therein cannot in any wise be impugned, or the effect thereof hindered or obstructed, on account of any defect of fraudulency, secrecy, or nullity, not even from a defect of the ordinary or of any other authority, or from any other defect, but that they shall be valid forever and shall obtain full authority.

And if anyone, by whatever authority, shall, wittingly or unwittingly, attempt anything inconsistent with these orders we decree that his act shall be null and void.

Moreover, because it would be difficult to carry our present letters to all places whatsoever, we will, and by the said authority we decree by these letters, that faith shall be given as fully and permanently to copies of them, certified under the hand of a notary public and the seal of the episcopal or any superior ecclesiastical court, as if the said original letters were exhibited or shown;

and we decree that within two months from the day when these present letters,

or the paper or parchment containing the tenor of the same, shall be affixed to the doors of the church at Lisbon,

the sentences of excommunication and the other sentences contained therein shall bind all and singular offenders as fully as if these present letters had been made known and presented to them in person and lawfully.

Therefore let no one infringe or with rash boldness contravene this our declaration, constitution, gift, grant, appropriation, decree, supplication, exhortation, injunction, inhibition, mandate, and will.

But if anyone should presume to do so, be it known to him that he will incur the wrath of Almighty God and of the blessed apostles Peter and Paul.

Given at Rome, at Saint Peter’s, on the eighth day of January, in the year of the incarnation of our Lord one thousand four hundred and fifty-four, and in the eighth year of our pontificate.”

The Doctrine of Discovery

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#Epiphany in A Cluttered Room: A #Memoir of Sorts #ValentinesDayDeal #ValentinesDaySpecial: Two GR8 #Books On #Sale For #99cents

Epiphany in A Cluttered Room: A Memoir of Sorts

This book, Epiphany In A Cluttered Room, is a memoir of sorts. It takes me back to the days of my earliest teachers, to a very elementary time and place in my life. From the clutter of a room will grow the central understanding about what makes me the human being I am today. Enjoy the journey back with me, to “elementary” sources of knowledge, marvelous and majestic. Meet my teachers, see my classmates, share my memory of learning the lessons of life in and out of the classroom and on the playing fields. Enjoy the journey with me, from the clutter of my present room where I write, where I describe the world as it appears to me.

Teaching and learning is the common thread that runs throughout my life. In everything I have ever done, I have first learned something, then learned it even better, deeper, more thoroughly, by teaching what I had learned, to others.

I began my teaching career when I was four years old. That was the age at which I learned to read, to write, and to do math. By the time I entered first grade, I was many years ahead of my classmates in terms of linguistic development. So it was only natural for my teachers to encourage me to help my classmates. And this is how it all began.

I wrote Epiphany in A Cluttered Room because writing is life for me. I live to write and I write to live. It’s the first thing I do when I wake up in the morning and it’s the last thing I do at night. If I stopped writing I would probably stop living. It is who I am, a writer, an author. Writing gives me the opportunity to share my experience and views, my creativity and.my passions with other people around the world, and that is what I do in this memoir.

It is absolutely amazing to me, even nowadays, that what I write from my cluttered office in my home in Chile gets read by some person in China or Turkey or England or the USA or anyplace on the globe. As you can see, writing is powerful. It’s modern day magic, and I’m the magician. Beyond the marvels of magic, I feel compelled to share my stories with other people in hopes that my words may provide the inspiration that they have been looking for, to create hope and support for anyone who needs it.

Some while back, a long time ago, I realized I was born a teacher. That is to say, my God-given ability, the gift of my birth, was teaching. I did nothing, I simply am and always have been, a teacher, that’s what I was born to be…

REVIEWS 5.0 out of 5 starsREVIEWS 5.0 out of 5 starsREVIEWS 5.0 out of 5 starsREVIEWS 5.0 out of 5 starsREVIEWS

5.0 out of 5 stars Thoughtful and thorough!, May 11, 2015
By Mark
Thoughtful and thorough is how I would describe this book. The author is a veteran of 15 years teaching experience in Chile. He has distinguished himself inside and outside of the classroom. The message he shares in this book about epiphany, or realizing suddenly something which is insightful, is worth taking the time to reflect on. It is rare when we get voices from the inside who really know what they are talking about, but this is an exception. A copy of this book belongs on the reading list of everybody who is remotely interested in the quality of education.
5.0 out of 5 starsI thoroughly enjoyed this book and would highly recommend it., May 8, 2015
By paul
As a teacher myself I found this book endearing and heartfelt. Epiphany in A Cluttered Room by Thomas Baker is the story of the author’s educational experiences. It undoubtedly makes you think back and recall your own educational journey with nostalgia. I thoroughly enjoyed this book and would highly recommend it.
5.0 out of 5 starsEducational, Enlightening and Entertaining Read For Parents, Teachers and Students, May 5, 2015
Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
This book’s target audience is literally every person in the world. Everybody could benefit from reading and reflecting on this book, “Epiphany In A Cluttered Room.” Why? Education, human growth and potential is important for everyone, but especially for parents, teachers, and students. In addition to being about changes that a person goes through in their own life from childhood up to and including adulthood, the book also speaks clearly to other adults who are involved in educating children. People interested in holistic learning, education pedagogy, emotional learning, sociology, and vocational education may be interested in this book also.

The book has 10 chapters. It starts off by describing a cluttered room where the author writes at. By the time the first chapter ends, you know the author very well, not because he has told you about himself, but because you have come to know what his work space contains. The epiphany here is that character is expressed in the way that we live and by the objects we surround ourselves with. It is a unique introduction to the author, his interests and the people whose pictures hang on the walls of his office. The fact that the book is dedicated to his wife and to his son speaks volumes about their place in his heart and in his life.

Over the next 9 chapters, you are on a voyage of self discovery as the author goes over the early influences in his life which shape his approach to teaching. You will come to understand why educators play such a tremendous role in shaping the destiny of the people they come in contact with.




Born To Teach: John Dewey wrote, “…success in teaching is often not in any direct ratio to knowledge of educational principles.”

This is often true in English Language Teaching, where years of study can produce a teacher well-schooled in culture, sociology, psychology, pedagogy and grammar, yet deficient in the ability to speak, read, understand, or write in English, or vice versa.

Nonetheless, Dewey felt that, “But what is overlooked …is that the successes of such individuals tend to be born and to die with them: beneficial consequences extend only to those pupils who have personal contact with such gifted teachers… the contributions of such men and women in the past have been thus confined, and the only way by which we can prevent such waste in the future is by methods which enable us to make an analysis of what the gifted teacher does intuitively, so that something accruing from his work can be communicated to others.”

In essence, that’s what my books are about, leaving a written record of my intuitive experience, so it may be shared with others, now and in the future…

Available on Amazon Kindle: Only $0.99 cents

Follow Thomas Jerome Baker

Author Page

Twitter @profesortbaker



Blog: Profesorbaker’s Worldwide English Blog



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#BookReview #ASMSG Op-Ed: Will you have the right to #vote in 2016?

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98 #Book Marketing Ideas #ASMSG #Author

98 Book Marketing Ideas That Can Help Authors Increase Sales

Whether you’re a self- or traditionally published author, there’s a wide array of marketing tactics you or your publisher can use to amplify a book’s exposure and reach more readers. To spark inspiration and get those creative juices flowing, we put together 98 book marketing ideas.

Some of these ideas can help directly increase book sales, while others may help expand your platform, which can lead to future sales. Not all of these ideas will be applicable all the time, but these can help you brainstorm when developing your own marketing plan.

Publishers, this is a great resource to share with your authors. If you’re collaborating with them on marketing efforts, this can help them brainstorm ways they can promote their own books alongside your promotional pushes.

Do you have any tactics that we left off the list? Share them in the comments below this post!

Know Your Audience

1. Survey your audience. Ask questions about demographics, psychographics, and online behavior so you can better understand where to market to readers and what messaging they’ll respond to. Survey your existing audience and fans of comparable authors and books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

2. Conduct reader interviews. Try to understand how your readers find new books to read and make their purchasing decisions. This will add qualitative color that can help you understand quantitative data you analyze in spreadsheets. Tweet This       Tweet this.

3. Create reader personas. Write a short paragraph that describes each core group of readers you’re targeting. Refer back to it whenever you’re creating an ad, designing a cover, writing a tweet, or want a refresh on your audience’s motives. Tweet This       Tweet this.

4. Create a list of target keywords. Compile a list of of search queries that your target audience is using to search for books. Use tools like Google Trends and Google AdWords’ Keyword tool to see which relevant queries are frequently used. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Create Your Online Platform

5. Create an author website. Your site should be a marketing tool that serves as the hub of all your online activity, from blogging to selling books to emailing a newsletter to participating in social media. Use a platform like WordPress, Squarespace, or Wix to easily build a site. Tweet This       Tweet this.

6. Set up a blog on your site. Provide a “behind the scenes look” for readers by blogging once or twice a month. Fans will love the insight into your personality and writing process, and anything you post is fodder for your next email to subscribers. Tweet This       Tweet this.

7. Link to your published books. Create a site page linking to your books to make it easy for readers to discover all the titles you’ve written. Include cover images, brief elevator pitches, and links to multiple retailers so readers can purchase your books wherever they shop. Tweet This       Tweet this.

8. Brand your homepage with your newest release. Publicize your latest work on your website by updating the header or banners of your homepage so readers who visit will become aware of your new release. Consider including blurbs instead of a synopsis to intrigue visitors. Tweet This       Tweet this.

9. Build a mailing list on your site. Include a simple form on your homepage, your website pages, and/or your blog’s sidebar asking for visitors’ email addresses. Collecting email addresses lets you build relationships with people who want to hear from you. Tweet This       Tweet this.

10. Welcome new subscribers with an email autoresponse. When people subscribe to updates from you via your website, send them a welcome email including either a link to a permafree ebook, sample chapters, or some sort of freebie as a “thank you” for signing up. Tweet This       Tweet this.

11. Customize your BookBub Author Profile. Make sure your BookBub Author Profile is up-to-date so fans and potential readers can learn more about you and your books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

12. Claim your social media profiles. Grab your username on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, Google+, LinkedIn, and About.me. Even if you don’t have active profiles on each site, at least claim your name and direct people who visit to your most active social media profile instead. Tweet This       Tweet this.

13. Link to your website and BookBub Author Profile. Once you’ve created a website and claimed your BookBub Author Profile, make sure that people can find these assets by linking to them on your email signature and bio sections on your social media profiles. Tweet This       Tweet this.

14. Create a video blog. Upload videos to YouTube and embed each video in a blog post. In these videos, you can answer fan questions, partner with another author to interview each other, list book recommendations, or do a short reading from an upcoming new release. Experiment with a few simple videos to see if you’re comfortable vlogging before focusing on production quality. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Design Your Book’s Cover

15. Hire a cover designer. A great cover design can have a major impact on your sales numbers. For example, romance writer R.L. Mathewson went from selling five or six copies per day of her novel, Playing for Keeps, to over 1,000 per day by updating her cover design. It’s usually worth hiring a professional to create a polished cover that appeals to readers in your genre. Tweet This       Tweet this.

16. Test cover variations with your audience. Have your cover designer create multiple variations and use data to choose your cover design. Test two variations against each other using tools like PickFu, UsabilityHub, or PlaybuzzTweet This       Tweet this.

17. Unify cover designs in a series. Create consistent branding between books in a series to make purchasing decisions easy for readers. A unified cover and title style often helps readers recognize connected titles and encourages them to purchase subsequent books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

18. Re-launch a book with a new cover. Redesigning a book cover can be a great way to reinvigorate book sales. It gives you the opportunity to “re-launch” your book according to the ever-evolving tastes of genre readers. Tweet This       Tweet this.

19. Add a blurb to your cover. If you’ve managed to secure a blurb from a well-known author, consider including it on your cover design. Try to use a short blurb so it’s easy to read and you don’t clutter your design. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Prepare Your Book for Effective Promotions

20. Make book samples end on a cliffhanger. For example, on Amazon, users can download the first 10% of a book for free or read it on-site via the “Look Inside” feature. This gives you the opportunity to score a sale if the reader wants to continue after the sample. Tweet This       Tweet this.

21. Cross-promote books in the back matter. Include a list of all your titles in each of your books’ back matter. Update this back matter whenever you launch a new release. If you have the time, create a version of your book for each retailer with retailer-specific links to each book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

22. Include an excerpt in the back matter. Immediately after the acknowledgements, include the first chapter of the next book in the series, or one of your popular backlist books. Bookend this excerpt with links to purchase that book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

23. Link to your mailing list in the back matter. On your “About the Author” page, encourage readers to sign up for your mailing list. If they sign up, you’ll be able to contact them any time you want to promote your backlist titles, new releases, giveaways, price promotions, etc. Tweet This       Tweet this.

24. Optimize your book description. BookBub’s A/B testing shows that descriptions that include quotes from authors, awards, and language that caters to your audience (e.g. “If you love thrillers, don’t miss this action-packed read!”) have higher engagement rates. Tweet This       Tweet this.

25. Include target keywords on product pages. Narrow down a list of 5-7 keywords your audience typically searches for, then incorporate these words into your description headline, description copy, and keyword sections on each of your retailer product pages. Tweet This       Tweet this.

26. Choose relevant subcategories on retailer sites. By targeting the most relevant sub-genres for each of your books, you’ll increase your chances of being on the retailer bestseller charts for a specific category, which could drive higher sales volume. You’ll also avoid disappointing readers who were expecting something different. Tweet This       Tweet this.

27. Tie different versions of your book together. Different authors and platforms use different systems, but find a way to connect your print edition with your ebook, audiobook, and international editions. This ensures that visitors to your product page can easily purchase the format they prefer. Tweet This       Tweet this.

28. Link series books together by name. If you’ve published a book series, create a master name for the series and add it to the product’s title on retailer sites. This will help retailer sites make automated recommendations within the series, and help readers find more books in the series to read. Tweet This       Tweet this.

29. Make books available for pre-order. On the retailers that allow them, you may want to get your future titles up for pre-order as soon as possible. This way you can include the cover of the next book in the back matter of your existing books with a link to the pre-order page. Tweet This       Tweet this.

30. Make books available internationally. With growing book sales and millions of readers, international markets can be attractive targets for authors and publishers looking to expand their potential readership. Optimize your cover design for each region and reach out to relevant local bloggers who can help spread the word. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Create Box Sets and Bundles

31. Bundle the first few books in a series. Include the first two or three books of a series in a box set to promote a full-price book later in the series. This can be a way to hook readers and make them invested in the characters so they’re willing to pay full-price to know how the tale ends. Promote the next book in the series in the box set’s back matter. Tweet This       Tweet this.

32. Create a box set for standalones. Bundling standalones can increase loyal readership or drive sales of a new release if you launch your box set when your new release is published. You can strategically choose standalones to package together that include similar themes, whether by sub-genre, location, point in time, similar protagonists, holiday setting, or something else. Tweet This       Tweet this.

33. Include exclusive content in your box set. Adding a novella or short story to your box set could entice readers to buy the box set instead of just purchasing the first book in the set. This may also help convince your existing loyal readers to purchase the box set in addition to the individual titles they’ve already purchased. Tweet This       Tweet this.

34. Publish a multi-author anthology. Partner with other authors to create an anthology of novellas or short stories. If you promote the collection to your audiences, you can each increase your exposure by reaching the other authors’ audiences. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Prepare Your Book Marketing Assets

35. Write a killer elevator pitch. Write a concise, snappy elevator pitch that shows what the book is about, what kind of world readers will be immersed in, why readers should care, and what accolades the book and author have received. A strong elevator pitch will make your book more enticing to readers deciding whether or not to purchase. Tweet This       Tweet this.

36. Poll your audience to test marketing copy. Use polling software like PickFu to test variations of description or marketing copy and see which variation your audience likes better. Always test and optimize to discover what copy will resonate best with readers. Tweet This       Tweet this.

37. A/B test marketing copy. Unlike polling, A/B tests give you quantitative data (i.e., the number of clicks). Use your email service provider to run A/B test emails and see which copy has the highest click-through rate, or use ad platforms like Facebook to A/B test your copy. Tweet This       Tweet this.

38. Get blurbs from reputable authors in your genre. Blurbs can effectively catch readers’ attention, especially if they’re familiar with the quoting author or publication, and can help entice them to make that final purchasing decision. Our tests showed that book descriptions including blurbs got an average of 22.6% higher click-through rates than those without blurbs. Tweet This       Tweet this.

39. Create images for teasers and quotes. You can easily turn your quotes into vibrant images using free apps like Canva. Publish these teasers to your website and social media accounts in the weeks and months prior to a book’s release. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Build Your Book’s Platform

40. Make sure your book gets a BookBub New Release Alert. Add your book to your BookBub Author Profile as soon as the pre-order page or product page is live on retailer sites. This will ensure that your BookBub followers receive a New Release Alert when your book is launched. Tweet This       Tweet this.

41. Ask readers to review your book in your back matter. A high number of reviews makes a book more enticing to potential readers. We found that when a book has at least 150 five-star reviews on Amazon or Goodreads, including the number of five-star reviews in the copy increased clicks an average of 14.1%. Tweet This       Tweet this.

42. Provide advanced reader copies to relevant bloggers. Start getting reviews before your book launches. You can use tools like NetGalley or Edelweiss to find early reviewers, or reach out to relevant bloggers with a pitch on your book. While they can’t review your book on retailer sites until release day, they can post the reviews to their websites, blogs, or Goodreads. Tweet This       Tweet this.

43. Offer free copies to Amazon top reviewers. Reach out to Amazon users with a “Top Reviewer” badge who’ve reviewed books similar to yours. They’ve proven themselves to be experienced reviewers — they know what makes a good review, they’re willing to take the time to write a truly helpful review, and they will likely have a quick turnaround on reading and reviewing. Tweet This       Tweet this.

44. Run book giveaways. Book giveaways can take various forms, including blog tours or contests on your blog or Facebook page. Providing free copies to your most loyal fans in exchange for an honest review can help a new book get traction, plus it rewards them for their loyalty. Tweet This       Tweet this.

45. Add a free ebook sampler to retailer sites. Upload the sampler as its own ebook with a separate product page and make it clear in the title and description that this is just a sample — the first chapter or first few chapters of your book — to avoid disappointing readers. On the last page, include a link to purchase the full copy. Tweet This       Tweet this.

46. Upload a PDF sample to your website. Once people download it, it’s okay if the PDF is distributed outside of your control since it’s just a sample. In fact, you should hope it gets as many eyeballs on it as possible! On the last page, include a link to purchase the full copy. Tweet This       Tweet this.

47. Create and distribute swag. If you can be creative and unique, swag can be an effective marketing tool, especially if it ties into your story in some way. Remember: everyone gives away bookmarks and bookplates. Consider your target audience, and think about what they would have a real use for that relates to your book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

48. Sell themed merchandise on your website. Create custom t-shirts, coffee mugs, e-reader covers, jewelry, framed art, etc., and have them available for sale on your website or at events. Services like CafePress can help. Your most loyal fans might not mind becoming walking advertisements for a day!
Tweet This      Tweet this.

49. Submit your book for relevant editorial reviews. Many genres have publications like RT Book Reviews where authors can submit their books for editorial reviews. Some of these publications require submitting your book months before publication, so plan early! Tweet This       Tweet this.

50. Submit your book as an award contender. Including an author’s awards in BookBub’s blurbs increases clicks an average of 6.7%. Find relevant or genre-specific awards and submit your book for consideration. Here’s a comprehensive list of 50 book awards open to indie authors. Try for recognizable awards such as RWA’s RITA Awards or the Edgar AwardsTweet This       Tweet this.

Run Price Promotions

51. Temporarily discount a backlist book to drive sales. Choose as low a price as possible to drive the highest volume of sales. 95% of bargain readers have purchased a book from an author unknown to them because of an ebook price promotion. Tweet This       Tweet this.

52. Promote a full-priced book in the discounted book’s back matter. Authors see a 3x higher increase in sales of other books in their series if links are included in the back matter of the discounted book.
Tweet This       Tweet this.

53. Discount the first book in your series. Hook new readers into a series by pricing low. 77% of bargain readers buy full-priced ebooks, so getting them hooked on a series via a discount often leads to full-priced sales later. Tweet This       Tweet this.

54. Promote your ebook discount with BookBub. BookBub lets you send your deal to targeted lists of millions of power readers. Partners reported a 196x average increase in earnings from a book during a Featured Deal. Tweet This       Tweet this.

55. Create a permafree gateway book. For example, the first book in a series can be permafree as a gateway to the rest of your series — BookBub readers are 10x more likely to click on a book that’s offered for free than a discounted book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

56. Run price promotions in foreign countries. Discounting your book in foreign markets can be a great way to drive ebook downloads and revenue in those regions. Also, when you submit your book for a BookBub Featured Deal, you can easily elect to run your promotion in our international editions. Tweet This       Tweet this.

57. Run a price promo when you launch a new release. If you’re promoting a new release, running a price promotion for one of your backlist books can help drive sales for your new book. 89% of BookBub partners who used a price promotion to market a new release sold more of their new book after the promotion. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Get More Exposure Online

58. Email your mailing list when your book launches. Reach out to fans who have opted in to receive communication from you. You can also reach out to them and let them know about an imminent release. Use an exclusive look at the first chapter to get them excited. Tweet This       Tweet this.

59. Later, email the ones who clicked. The people who opened or clicked on the book launch email are the most engaged people on your list. They will be most likely to make the purchase or even write a review of the book. Reach out and ask if they’ve read it yet. Let them know you value their opinion and would sincerely appreciate an honest review. Tweet This       Tweet this.

60. Later, email the ones who didn’t click. Don’t forget the people who didn’t engage with the book launch email — they cared enough to specifically sign up for your email list, but for whatever reason didn’t open the first email. Send them the first few chapters of the book for free and see if you can hook them a second time around. Tweet This       Tweet this.

61. Promote your book on relevant blogs. Compile a list of book bloggers and reviewers who regularly review books, interview authors, or feature guest posts from authors in your genre. Coordinate with them to promote giveaways or publish reviews or author interviews. Tweet This       Tweet this.

62. Sign up as a HARO source. Help a Reporter Out (HARO) connects journalists with relevant experts, and you are the expert of your niche! By signing up, you’ll receive an email three times per day that includes media opportunities in which you could be quoted. Reply quickly for the best chance of getting selected for a quote in an article, and ask for a link back to your site. Tweet This       Tweet this.

63. Partner with other authors to run themed promotions. For example, if your publishing imprint or group of friends has three fantasy books featuring fae, coordinate price promotions, themed blog posts, and social media parties. Packaging these books promotionally helps each book gain exposure across the other authors’ platforms. Tweet This       Tweet this.

64. Create a relevant video series. Create mini documentaries on your book, or get more creative. For example, for a chick lit book featuring a hairdresser protagonist, create a cute series of hair tutorials featuring hairstyles from the book. For a middle grade mystery featuring a magician, create a magic trick tutorial series. Publish the videos on YouTube and your other social channels. Tweet This       Tweet this.

65. Answer relevant questions on Quora. If you’ve written a nonfiction book or have become a subject-matter expert via research you’ve done for your fiction book, follow relevant topics on Quora and answer questions as you see fit. Include the link to your book in your Quora bio. Tweet This       Tweet this.

66. Run a Google AdWords campaign. Target keywords that your audience would likely search for to find books similar to yours. Create several versions of ad copy within each ad group and let Google automatically run each variation and determine a winner. Tweet This       Tweet this.

67. Time your campaigns with current events. If you can strategically promote a book during specific seasons, an annual event, or when something pops in the media, take advantage of that opportunity and be a part of the conversation.Tweet This        Tweet this.

68. Link to your newest release. Find a high-visibility place to link to your book. Examples many authors choose include your personal email signature, Twitter bio, Facebook page bio, About.me page, and LinkedIn bio. Update these assets whenever you release a new book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

69. Write and syndicate a press release. Create an informational press release announcing your new book. Link to both the new release product page and your own website for SEO purposes. Use a free press release distribution service to syndicate your press release to news websites and blogs. Tweet This       Tweet this.

70. Reach out to the press. Email relevant media sites a pitch for your book and offer a free copy. Be sure to use a catchy subject line and opening sentence. Follow up by sending a press release and personalized letter with the book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

71. Contribute guest blog posts related to your book. Reach out to blogs focused on your genre with recent posts, lively comments, and an active social media presence. If they’d like to accept a post from you, create valuable and original content, and carefully edit each of your posts to make sure you’re delivering polished content. Tweet This       Tweet this.

72. Participate in relevant interviews. Agree to participate in interviews that would effectively reach your target audience. Interviews can be a great way to share your perspectives without needing to write much original content. Take advantage of these opportunities to increase awareness of your author brand and your books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

73. Submit a post to Buzzfeed. Write a clever or funny tie-in to your book. The article you write can either be entirely about your book, a “which character are you” quiz, or a listicle indirectly related. For example, a romance author can write a post on “10 Sizzling Beaches to Read Steamy Romances On” and incorporate her book into the post. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Spread the Word on Social Media

74. Host a release party on Facebook. Run a contest on launch day giving people many opportunities to win prizes, such as a free copy of your book, gift cards, posters, and more. Tweet This       Tweet this.

75. Run targeted social media ads. Sites like Facebook and Twitter let you target ads to a fine-tuned audience based on preferences users have expressed on those social platforms. This lets you advertise the discount to people interested in similar books or genres. Tweet This       Tweet this.

76. Brand your Facebook cover photo. 69% of readers use Facebook to find information about their favorite author, and 88% of readers follow their favorite author on Facebook. Update your cover photo with branding for your latest book to make sure everybody who comes to the page knows about it.
Tweet This       Tweet this.

77. Make your blog posts easy to share. Make it easy for fans to share your book news and other blog posts by optimizing each post for social sharing. Use tools like AddThis or ShareThis to add social sharing buttons alongside each post, and ClickToTweet to create clickable tweets. Tweet This       Tweet this.

78. Make each social media post visual. Tweets with images get 150% more retweets, and Facebook posts with images account for 87% of total interactions. Instead of text-only updates, include an image photo of the book’s cover or a teaser quote. This will encourage fans to click, share, or like. Tools and image libraries like Canva, Shutterstock, and iStockphoto can help. Tweet This       Tweet this.

79. Post behind-the-scenes looks on Instagram. Take artsy photos of your workspace, a character sketch you drew, index cards laid out for plotting, your cat lying on your notes, or something to show your personality and a peek into your mindspace when writing your next book. Tweet This       Tweet this.

80. Run a participation contest on Facebook. Have fans share your post, comment on a post, or like a post for a chance to win a free signed copy of your book or a gift card, and cross-promote the contest on Twitter, Instagram, and any other social channel where you have a presence. Tweet This       Tweet this.

81. Run a fan art contest. Get fans to upload their designs of one of your characters or a scene from your book on your blog or Facebook page — or have them share it using a hashtag on Instagram or Twitter. Choose a winner to receive a prize (and then get permission to use that fan art in your marketing).
Tweet This       Tweet this.

82. Pin important updates. You can pin important announcements about new releases, sales, or contests to the top of your Facebook page and Twitter profile. You only need to post the content once, then you can simply pin it for higher visibility! Tweet This       Tweet this.

83. Create Pinterest boards of inspiration. Stats show that about 70% of Pinterest members use the site to get inspiration for purchases. Create Pinterest boards showing off your workspace wish list, art that inspired you when writing certain scenes, or fan art for your books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

84. Host a Q&A session on Twitter. Create a hashtag for the Q&A session — it can be a one-time occasion, or a monthly event. Promote the Q&A ahead of time so your fans know to either block the time in their calendar or schedule their tweets to post during the Q&A. Tweet This       Tweet this.

85. Launch a Facebook group with other authors. For example, The Jewels of Historical Romance has a Facebook group of nearly 2K members that 12 romance authors created. They cross-promote each other’s books, hold monthly joint giveaways and contests, and announce new releases. It’s a free and creative way for each author to expand their fan base. Tweet This       Tweet this.

86. Ask questions and encourage participation. The more your fans and followers engage with your updates, the more exposure you’ll get to their friends who see updates of their participation. So make sure to involve fans in a two-way conversation. Tweet This       Tweet this.

87. Pre-schedule social media content. Doing social media marketing doesn’t mean spending all day online. Use tools like Buffer, TweetDeck, or Hootsuite to schedule your day’s or week’s social media content in advance. This will free up your time for writing and other marketing efforts. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Participate in Live Events

88. Hold book signings at bookstores and conferences. Signings can help drive word-of-mouth exposure and reviews. Don’t feel obligated to give away your books for free. Many authors sell books during their signings. You can purchase an easy-to-use checkout tool like Square to process credit card transactions at a cost of only 2.75% per swipe. Tweet This       Tweet this.

89. Give a talk at a relevant conference. Flex your public speaking skills. As a published author, you can talk about a variety of topics, including the subject of your book, your writing process, your publication journey, and the experience you’ve had promoting your books and connecting with readers. Tweet This       Tweet this.

90. Participate on panels you’re invited to. If flying solo on stage sounds too intimidating, participating on a panel might be a more comfortable option for you. Speaking on panels at book conferences is a sure way to gain exposure to fans of the other authors on the panel, whether they’re readers at consumer conferences or fellow authors at writing conferences. Tweet This       Tweet this.

91. Print business cards to hand out at events. Always carry around something to hand out to potential readers who want to buy your book later. You can create postcard-sized handouts or business cards people can stick in their wallets, with a URL to visit your website and purchase your books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

92. Run a contest when you attend live events. Build buzz and excitement for your signing, session, or panel by offering a free book or giveaway to the first 5–10 people who arrive at each location. Announce this giveaway on your social profiles using the event-specific hashtag. Once other attendees see people flocking to you, they’ll want to see what all the fuss is about. Tweet This       Tweet this.

93. Partner with relevant local organizations. For a middle grade book, coordinate with local PTAs to organize a school reading during a bake sale or book fair. For a thriller about racecar drivers, run a promotion with the nearest track. For a sci-fi book, sponsor a themed party or host a signing at a sci-fi convention. Tweet This       Tweet this.

Other Marketing Ideas

94. Coordinate your marketing efforts in a single week. Bestseller lists are based on the number of units sold in a single week. Target a single list so you can optimize for its cycle. Focusing all your marketing efforts, including price promotions, social media campaigns, and emails to your mailing list in a single week can help boost your book on that list. Tweet This       Tweet this.

95. Pitch your book as a holiday gift. Depending on the type of book you’re promoting, the giftable nature of a physical book may help boost print book sales especially around the holidays. Consider timing your price promotions and ad campaigns around holiday or special, relevant events to boost sales and visibility. Tweet This       Tweet this.

96. Donate books to people who can spread the word. If you write middle grade books, consider donating a few copies of your book to a summer camp, children’s hospital, or school libraries. If you write books that appeal to an older demographic, donate to retirement homes, hospitals, and community centers. This can help spark future word-of-mouth sales. Tweet This       Tweet this.

97. Measure the ROI of your campaigns. Analyze your return on investment for each campaign so you know what worked and what didn’t. Crunching numbers might not be as fun as writing your next masterpiece, but wasting money on campaigns that don’t work isn’t fun either. Tweet This       Tweet this.

98. Continue publishing new books. Nothing sells backlist like frontlist! Continually publishing new books will help you garner a wider audience that will be interested in your other books. Tweet This       Tweet this.

What other ideas would you add to the list? Let us know in the comments below!

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Source: Bookbub

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#BookReview: Fava, by John Hazen #ASMSG #IARTG

The biggest story of Francine Vega’s career could end her life…or start World War III. Francine is a rising TV news reporter in New York City. Despite her brains, beauty and a growing following, she is stuck covering local interest stories.
That is until her career literally hits the jackpot when the winner of a $450 million dollar lottery tells Francine that he is committed to using his new fortune to avenge his brother’s killing at the Pentagon on 9/11.
His seemingly crazy plan is backed by more than just money-he is in league with a ruthless and powerful Army Colonel gone rogue, religious extremists and co-conspirators in the highest levels of government. Francine teams with FBI Special Agent Will Allen, one of the few people who believe the threat is real, in a desperate race across three continents to stop the plot before it’s too late.

Reviewed by Samantha Rivera for Readers’ Favorite


The ‘big scoop’ on a multi-million dollar lottery winner is supposed to be a ‘ten seconds in the spotlight’ type of break for journalist Francine Vega, but the last words the winner speaks to her are fraught with tension and promise, just enough to make it a good story. His letter to her a short time later is enough to prompt an entire following desperate to destroy something that could mean millions of lives.

But could the words of one small-town pastor really inflame an entire nation into starting a third world war? With the backing of some powerful men that may just be the case in Fava by John Hazen.

Francine, Jonas and Farad are all extremely interesting characters. They are the type of characters that not only do you feel you know, but you feel you want to know them better. I was drawn into this story from the start. Even though Francine is working a job she doesn’t necessarily like (at least she doesn’t like the stories she covers), she’s determined to make the most of it until she can get where she wants to be, which is inspiring.

Of course, the fact that she’s thrown into a new story full of adventure, danger and plenty of mystery definitely keeps the reader intrigued and guessing. You never know who you can trust and who’s actually hiding in the background and sabotaging progress. Fava is a book that I couldn’t put down until it was done.
Follow John Hazen on


John Foster is a product of the ‘60s. The question is: which ‘60s?
Leading a sheltered, cozy life growing up in the small town of Fairbrook, Massachusetts, John is plucked from his secure cocoon in 1969 and dropped into the maelstrom of the Vietnam War.
As he witnesses and participates in the horrors of war, John literally feels his very soul, as well his will to live, eroding away.
His redemption only comes after he is seriously injured and awakens to find himself in 1862 Tennessee where he joins General Grant’s troops in the days leading up to the Battle of Shiloh, one of the Civil War’s bloodiest conflicts.
As his father, a decorated World War II veteran, had always told him, he discovers that it is possible to be part of something larger than himself. His humanity is ultimate restored after he embarks on a dangerous mission to make right a brutal wrong from his past.


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#MondayBlogs #BookReview: Alien Species Intervention: Books 1-3: An Alien Apocalyptic Saga (Species Intervention #6609) #ASMSG #FREE $0.00

  • Warning*** This series honestly reflects the brutality of our world. If you are a sensitive reader, this is NOT for you.*** Contains violence.***

Alien Species Intervention #6609, by J. K. Accinni, is an alien apocalyptic saga spanning 200 years from the Prohibition to the distant future. It encompasses tender love between divergent species, political downfalls and acts of unspeakable violence. When you think you’ve figured it out . . . WHAM! You won’t see it coming. Thriller, horror, science fiction and fantasy all in one, the series is a gripping psychological exploration of how the inherent greed and evil of man is dooming planet Earth and its inhabitants. 5.0 out of 5 stars

In Baby, the prequel to the Species Intervention #6609, Netty is a naïve teenage farm girl given in marriage to an older brutal opportunist disguised as a prominent citizen during the Prohibition years in Sussex County, New Jersey. After years of enslavement, Netty flees into the night from her rapist husband, traveling back to her parents’ farm, where she rescues an enigmatic and damaged creature named “Baby” with whom she falls in love.

Netty and Baby find happiness and fulfillment until a handsome Italian stranger, Wil, comes into Netty’s life, creating a tense love triangle made more fraught by Netty’s struggle to hide the bizarre and wondrous changes to her body caused by loving Baby. Baby’s miraculous healing powers on the nature around them can’t be ignored either. The heart-rending and astonishingly brutal climax to their story comes as all three face challenges that ultimately lead to transcendence and the discovery of a new world that promises resurrection. 5.0 out of 5 stars

2033. One hundred years have passed since the birth of Baby’s miraculous offspring, Echo. The United States has evolved to a point of politically driven economic collapse.

An abused mother escapes with her two sickly children, Scotty and Abby, from the tenements of Short Hills to the farmland of Sussex County. There she unites with a Latino family who has provided a loving home to Jose, a young Costa Rican boy who has been traumatized by murder and kidnap.

The two families find themselves the subject of the psychotic attention of Armoni, a soul damaged beyond redemption, as their lives become entwined with Echo’s, who is intent on thwarting the efforts of the heinous people who prey on the lives of other creatures. And as the insidious miscreant, Armoni, tracks them down, bringing brutality and violence to all, Netty recruits a heartbroken Abby to mount a mission to rescue the wildlife of Earth before despicable events bring on the specter of Armageddon. 5.0 out of 5 stars

In Armageddon Cometh, the third book in the Alien Species Intervention #6609, Abby plans to abduct the wildlife at the Big Cat Sanctuary under Netty’s guidance by enlisting the help of the charming Italian yacht captain, Cobby, even though this leads to the exposure of hidden changes to her body. Despite her love for Jose, she draws closer to the charming Cobby when Jose departs on his own mission to find his adopted family.

At Bird Key, young Scotty embarks on a romance with the troubled rich girl, Chloe. As strange connections and revealed identities collide with political intrigue and murder, a traumatized Chloe and Jose scramble in a frantic dash to escape, wildlife and all, to Tampa Bay. Joining them are Kenya, a sassy and striking pregnant black girl, and Peter, their trusted attorney, who has been left scarred and emotionally ruined by their nemesis, Armoni. In the climax and chaos of the escape ahead of cops and devastation from the sky, it soon becomes clear that Scotty might be the mysterious “One” as foretold in an omen.

Warning: Alien Species Intervention #6609 contains violence that a sensitive reader may find confronting.


5.0 out of 5 stars

Reviewed by Thomas Jerome Baker

Author of Myths, Monsters & Love From The South of Chile

When an author writes a book, there are many authorial decisions that must be made. A big one is the intended audience. A book that will appeal to a broad audience, young and old, rich and poor, man and woman, boy and girl, will surely bring economic success for a book’s author. We can point to the Harry Potter series by JK Rowling, for example. Yet when an author knows the book they have written will not appeal to everyone, the best option is to place a clear warning at the front of the book.
J.K. Accinni
Author JK Accinni has done exactly that. JK says, in clear, easily understandable language, “Not For Sensitive Readers.”
Author’s Bio: J.K. Accinni was born and raised in Sussex County N.J. before moving to Sarasota Florida, where she lives with her four dogs, all rescued. Mrs. Accinni’s passion for wildlife conservation has led her all over the world, including three trips to Africa, where ten years ago she fell in love with a baby elephant named Wendi, that had been rescued by a wildlife group. That baby is the inspiration for the character Tobi, the elephant featured in her fourth book, titled Hive.

The character of Caesar is inspired by a real life iconic tiger from Big Cat Habitat and Gulf Coast Sanctuary in Sarasota.

Mrs. Accinni also invites you to visit her blog at www.speciesintervention.com. Readers are encouraged to comment about the book or your own creature experiences.


As I mentioned already, this book, Alien Species Intervention, is not for everyone. It deals with man on his worst behaviour, and it is portrayed in this same light. Let us read the author’s warning, and understand her “Caveat Emptor”. Caveat emptor, which means, let the buyer beware, for indeed, you buy this book on your own responsibility. Read this book only if you can deal with violence, abuse, aggression and destruction. J.K. Accinni tells it like it is. I quote her authorial warning, for emphasis: (Quote)

Warning*** This series honestly reflects the brutality of our world. If you are a sensitive reader, this is NOT for you.*** Contains violence.***

Controversial points of view may be written to enhance the readers experience.

The author’s goal has been to make the reader think critically and the views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the author.

The author would like, however, to help readers realize what detrimental effects we have created for our wildlife.***

I give this book five stars because the book will make you think profoundly about the world we live in, its daily human atrocities, and hopefully, begin to live responsibly, not only with with our fellow human beings, but also with wildlife.5.0 out of 5 stars

Reviewed by Thomas Jerome Baker
Author of How to Coach A Debate Team


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#Holocaust Week of Remembrance: Monday, May 2–Friday, May 6, 2016

Holocaust Day

International Holocaust Remembrance Day, is an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the victims of the Holocaust. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the death of an estimated 6 million Jewish people, 2 million Romani people, 250,000 mentally and physically disabled people, and 9,000 homosexual men by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session.  The resolution came after a special session was held earlier that year on 24 January 2005 during which the United Nations General Assembly marked the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and the end of the Holocaust.

On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and death camp, was liberated by Soviet troops.

Prior to the 60/7 resolution, there had been national days of commemoration, such as Germany’s Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (The Day of remembrance for the victims of National Socialism), established in a proclamation issued by Federal President Roman Herzog on 3 January 1996; and the Holocaust memorial day observed every 27 January since 2001 in the UK. The Holocaust Remembrance Day is also a national event in the United Kingdom and in Italy.

Barbed wire Flower

2016 Calendar of Holocaust Remembrance Events

“The Holocaust and Human Dignity”

The theme for the Holocaust remembrance and education activities in 2016, including the Holocaust Memorial Ceremony, is “The Holocaust and Human Dignity”.

The theme links Holocaust remembrance with the founding principles of the United Nations and reaffirms faith in the dignity and worth of every person that is highlighted in the United Nations Charter, as well as the right to live free from discrimination and with equal protection under the law that is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Holocaust, which resulted in the destruction of nearly two thirds of European Jewry, remains one of the most painful reminders of the international community’s failure to protect them.

Days of Remembrance

The United States Congress established the Days of Remembrance as the nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust. Each year state and local governments, military bases, workplaces, schools, religious organizations, and civic centers host observances and remembrance activities for their communities. These events can occur during the Week of Remembrance, which runs from the Sunday before Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah) through the following Sunday.

Are you interested in organizing an observance? We’re pleased to offer a wide selection of resources featuring many themes and historical anniversaries that will help you find the most appropriate focus for your community.

Why We Remember the Holocaust

Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Estelle Laughlin, Holocaust Survivor:
Memory is what shapes us. Memory is what teaches us. We must understand that’s where our redemption is.

Between 1933 and 1945, the German government, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, carried out the systematic persecution of and murder of Europe’s Jews. This genocide is now known as the Holocaust. The Nazi regime also persecuted and killed millions of other people it considered politically, racially, or socially unfit. The Allies’ victory ended World War II, but Nazi Germany and its collaborators had left millions dead and countless lives shattered.

Sara Bloomfield, Director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
I think the important thing to understand about this cataclysmic event is that it happened in the heart of Europe. Germany was respected around the world for its leading scientists, its physicians, its theologians. It was a very civilized, advanced country. It was a young democracy, but it was a democracy. And yet it descended not only into social collapse but world war and eventually mass murder.

Margit Meissner, Holocaust Survivor:
A strong man came to power in Germany whose ideas were that Germany has to create a national community, which would include only the Aryan race, which he considered superior, and all the people who did not belong to the Aryan race could be eliminated. With planning and propaganda, he was able to convince most of the German people to go along with him, insensitive to what happened to the Jews who had basically been their former neighbors. And he managed to build concentration camps and killing centers and finally gas chambers to annihilate six million Jews and at the same time also millions of others, murdered in a systematic, government-sponsored way.

Raye Farr, Film Curator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
And it’s made up of so many people who participated in different ways, who made it possible.

Rev. Dr. Chris Leighton, Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies:
People who follow orders without question, bystanders who watch and do nothing, ordinary men and women simply going with the flow.

Raye Farr, Film Curator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
The events and the results of the Holocaust were so devastating. It was an extreme that we can barely imagine.

Rev. Dr. Chris Leighton, Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies:
It’s so mind-boggling that the temptations to forget and to repress, to just put it out of mind, are very real.

Raye Farr, Film Curator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
But we remember. We remember because it is an unthinkable scar on humanity. We need to understand what human beings are capable of.

Barack Obama, President of the United States:
We gather today to mourn the loss of so many lives and celebrate those who saved them, honor those who survived, and contemplate the obligations of the living.

Kadian Pow, Museum Educator, Smithsonian Institution:
Days of Remembrance is our nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust—this time that was both a blight on the history of humanity but also a shining moment for the people who were brave enough to put an end to it.

Sara Bloomfield, Director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
We are remembering, first and foremost, all the victims, and that is not only the Jewish victims, but there were many non-Jewish victims. Of course, the Jews were the primary target.

Estelle Laughlin, Holocaust Survivor:
The millions of innocent people, including my family and friends, who were killed because they were of the wrong religion, because they had no means of protecting themselves.

Sara Bloomfield, Director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
It’s also important to remember the rescuers. These were people who risked not only their own lives, sometimes the lives of their family, to save a fellow human being. And we also remember our American soldiers who were fighting to win World War II and in the course of that, liberated these concentration camps.

Col. Michael Underkofler, U.S. Air Force Reserve:
Those that arrived at the camps in 1945 and were just horrified at what they saw.

Carly Gjolaj, Museum Educator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
And that was a huge task for the American soldiers: to help bring humanity back to these people who had been dehumanized for years, to give them medical care.

Lt. Col. Terrance Sanders, U.S. Army:
Looking back allows us to understand how important it is for us to serve in a country where we have the strength and the might and the will to defend those that are defenseless.

Rabbi M. Bruce Lustig, Washington Hebrew Congregation:
So Days of Remembrance is an opportunity for us to remember the suffering that was and the efforts that were made to put an end to such suffering, and it’s a call to conscience today in our world to make sure that we aren’t the silent ones standing by, contributing to the suffering of others.

Margit Meissner, Holocaust Survivor:
In 1945, at the end of the war, I would have thought that there would never be another Holocaust, that the world was so shocked by what had happened that the world would not permit that. And yet you see what happened in Bosnia, what happened in Rwanda, what happened in Darfur. So there’s still millions of people being persecuted because of their ethnicity.

Sara Bloomfield, Director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
It’s really a moral challenge to us to do more in our own lives when we confront injustice or hatred or genocide.

Bridget Conley-Zilkic, Genocide Prevention Educator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
Those who suffered and died in the Holocaust, we can honor them today by not being silent. Remembering ties the past and the present together with a powerful, simple thread: “This is not right.”

Margit Meissner, Holocaust Survivor:
The important thing is that one should not become indifferent to the suffering of others, that one should not stand by and just raise one’s hands and say, “There’s nothing I can do, I’m just a little one person,” because I think what everyone of us does matters.

Estelle Laughlin, Holocaust Survivor:
That’s not enough to curse the darkness of the past. Above all, we have to illuminate the future. And I think that on the Day of Remembrance the most important thing is to remember the humanity that is in all of us to leave the world better for our children and for posterity.

Museum Remembrance Events

US Capitol Rotunda Ceremony

Since 1982, the Museum has organized and led the national Days of Remembrance ceremony in the US Capitol Rotunda with Holocaust survivors, liberators, members of Congress, White House officials, the diplomatic corps, and community leaders in attendance. The 2016 ceremony is tentatively planned for Thursday, May 5.

Names Reading at the Museum

Reading the names of the men, women, and children killed during the Holocaust is a symbolic yet very personal way of remembering these individuals. The Museum will provide lists of victims’ names, or you may bring your own.

Monday, May 2–Friday, May 6, 2016, 11 a.m.–4:30 p.m.
Reading time: Approximately five minutes per person
Location: Hall of Remembrance, on the Museum’s Second Floor

Please e-mail volunteerview@ushmm.org with your requested reading time(s) and include your name. Appointments will be reserved on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, call 202.479.9737.

Elie Wiesel Award and National Tribute Dinner

The Elie Wiesel Award recognizes internationally prominent individuals whose actions have advanced the Museum’s vision of a world where people confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity. The Museum presents the award at the annual National Tribute Dinner in the spring in Washington, DC.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

The UN General Assembly designated January 27—the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau—as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. On this annual day of commemoration, the UN urges every member state to honor the victims of the Nazi era and to develop educational programs to help prevent future genocides. Learn more.

Past Days of Remembrance

Explore ceremonies from previous years.


Jewish man reassuring children before das aus

“We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.” ~ Elie Wiesel

World War II: The Holocaust


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#BookReview: Cosega Search #FREE $0.00

by Brandt Legg5.0 out of 5 stars768 customer reviews

From the bestselling author of the Inner Movement trilogy, comes the Cosega Sequence.

More than 200,000 copies sold/downloaded!

He had been looking for it his whole life. When he finally found it, it made no sense.
Now everyone wants it. Nothing will ever be the same again.

Ripley Gaines, a brilliant archeologist, has spent his life searching for an elusive artifact to prove his controversial theory. What he finds shocks even him. The discovery rewrites human history and promises to change the planet’s future. It has to be suppressed.

The most powerful forces in the world align against him, and a deadly competition for the artifact ensues. Capturing Gaines is not enough; he, and everyone who has seen the artifact, must be killed. His only hope is to stay alive long enough to decode the Cosega Sequence.

Dig far enough into the past . . . you may just discover the future.

Cosega Search, book one in the Cosega Sequence. The rest of the series is available on Amazon now:

Cosega Storm (Cosega Sequence book 2) http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00P3CZB1I
Cosega Shift (Cosega Sequence book 3) http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00PPI6N4E

5.0 out of 5 stars

Reviewed by Thomas Jerome Baker
Author of “How To Coach A Debate Team

5.0 out of 5 stars

Crying Man: “To Hold All The Stars in Your Hand”

Wow! It’s 5AM, I just finished reading this book, read all night long…Incredible story. I like the way nothing adds up, so you keep turning pages looking for something that will put everything in place, always tempted to just turn to the end and read from back to front. Glad I didn’t do that. So, here’s my review, in the raw, because I want to share how this book impacted me…Here goes:

First they ignore you. Then they laugh at you. Then they fight you. Then you win. Cosega Search (The Cosega Sequence Book 1) Before the beginning…If Barbeau had known more about what they found, there would have been soldiers with night goggles in the forest, hundreds of them – but he didn’t have enough information. Apparent willingness to throw away a brilliant career for an artifact…”mindbogling.”

The prophecies of Saint Malachy: “Phialam Insignem Lapidem Ponetis – Stone bowl bearing carvings.” “Two bowls together hold the secret…The secret that will end the Church.”

“There will be a time at the beginning of the twenty-first century whence the earth shall reveal an impossible object. Within the stone is a light which will cause the holy city to collapse, for it shall erase the past, demonstrate all knowledge to be false, and the scriptures to be a hoax.”

“Those forgotten faces, from a distant age, laughed and cried. Their experiences, like ours, belong to all humanity. I try to unlock their secrets, so that we can hear their stories.”

“…The loyalty of friends is a greater power than the will of an enemy. A true friend will outlast any tangle of trouble, and our own desperation.”

This is an awesome, brilliant, highly creative, unique book. If you like murder, mystery, fantasy, conspiracy, loyalty, friendship, love, betrayal, law and order, rule of law, society, archaeology, Indiana Jones, creation, evolution, myths and mythology, get this book.

No, don’t wait. Grab a copy of this book right now, right now, right now…you will enjoy this book tremendously. This fantastic book is FREE. You pay $0.00. You can thank me later. Highly recommended for anybody who loves a well written story that makes you stay up all night long, turning page after page after page.

Reviewed by Thomas Jerome Baker
Author of “How To Coach A Debate Team



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